SIERRA COLLEGE
ASTRONOMY 2

SOLAR SYSTEM OBJECTS
FOR FINAL


Feature

Object

Notable Characteristic

Photo
(Click Thumbnail for Larger Photo)


Sun Spot

Sun

—Cooler region on the photosphere

—Strong magnetic fields


Sea of Tranquility

Moon

—Vast lava plain

—Landing site of Apollo 11


Caloris Basin

Mercury

—Giant impact region

—Extreme seasonal temperature variations


Sapas Mons


Venus

—Large volcano

—Imaged by radar


Olympus Mons

Mars

—Largest volcano in the Solar System

—Evidence of primitive tectonics


Great Red Spot

Jupiter

—Giant high pressure storm

—Larger than the Earth


Long Period Comet

Hale-Bopp

—Made of dirty ice.

—Spiral jet from nucleus.


Short Period Comet

Halley

—First comet predicted to return.

—Made of dirty ice.


Surface of Io

Satellite of Jupiter

—Dozens of active volcanoes.

—No craters on surface.


Surface of

Europa

Satellite of Jupiter

—Water underneath surface likely.

—Possibly has life


Surface of

Ganymede

Satellite of Jupiter

—Largest moon in solar system

—Has own magnetic field


Surface of

Callisto

Satellite of Jupiter

—Most heavily cratered surface.

—Furthest Galilean satellite from Jupiter


Surface of

Mimas

Satellite of Saturn

—Giant imact crater named Herschel

—Moon's gravity responsible for opening the Cassini Division.


Surface of

Titan

Satellite of Saturn

—Only satellite with thick atmosphere.

—May have lakes of methane.


Surface of

Miranda

Satellite of Uranus

—Has heavily grooved surface including “chevrons”.

—Surprisingly modified surface for a small moon


Surface of

Triton

Satellite of Neptune

—Revolves backwards.

—Ice geysers on surface.



 
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