Cosmic Object List for Astronomy 2

I.     BRIGHT STAR LIST

Study Guide for Planetarium Sky Quiz

See General Schedule of Activities for Date and Time of Quiz

Notable

           Star           Constellation       m         M     d(LY)     Sp/Class              Feature

POLARIS

 

 

2.02

-3.6

430

F7Ib

Yellow Supergiant

Cepheid Variable

 

URSA MINOR

2.06

-0.87

126

K4III

Orange Giant

Pole Star in 1100 BC

MIZAR and

ALCOR

 

2.27

4.01

0.37

2.06

78.1

81.1

A2V

A5V

Multiple Star System

 

BÖOTES

-0.05

-0.31

36.7

K2III

High Proper Motion

Orange Giant

SPICA

 

 

0.98

-3.55

260

B1V

Very Luminous

Main Sequence Star

 

SCORPIUS

1.02

-5.3

600

M1Ib

Very Luminous Red Supergiant, Binary

ALTAIR

 

0.77

2.2

16.8

A7IV/V

Rapidly Rotating
In Summer Triangle

 

LYRA

0.03

0.58

25.3

A0V

Main Sequence Star

In Summer Triangle

DENEB

 

 

1.26

-8.7

3000

A2Ia

White Supergiant

In Summer Triangle

 

AURIGA

0.08

-4.8

42

G8III

Yellow-White Giant
Multiple Star System

CASTOR

 

 

1.9

0.9

51.6

A1V

Main Sequence Star

Multiple Star System

 

 

GEMINI

1.16

1.09

33.7

K0III

Orange Giant

PROCYON

 

 

0.40

2.7

11.4

F5IV/V

Double Star with White Dwarf

 

CANIS MAJOR

-1.44

1.4

8.6

A1V

Double Star with White Dwarf

RIGEL

 

 

0.10

-6.8

770

B8Ia

Multiple Star System

Blue Supergiant

 

TAURUS

0.87

-0.63

65

K5III

Orange Giant

Irregular Variable

BETELGEUSE

 

 

0.87

-4.7

430

M2Iab

Very Large Variable

Red Supergiant

 

LEO

1.35

-0.53

77.5

B7V

Multiple Star System

Located on Ecliptic

 


II.  SOLAR SYSTEM OBJECTS

Study Guide For Part I of Final Exam

See General Schedule of Activities for Date and Time of Exam

See Astronomy 2 Web Site for Visual Review

Astronomy Web Site for Visual Review

   Name of Feature                   Object                      Notable Characteristic

SUN SPOT

 

 

Cooler region on the photosphere of the Sun

 

MOON

Mare feature

Landing Site of Apollo 11

CALORIS BASIN

 

Giant Impact region

 

 

VENUS

Large Volcano on Venus

 

OLYMPUS MONS

 

Largest Volcano in the Solar System

 

JUPITER

Giant High Pressure Storm in Jovian Southern Hemisphere

LONG PERIOD COMET

 

Spiral jet from nucleus

Made of dirty ice

 

HALLEY

First comet predicted to return

Made of dirty ice

SURFACE OF IO

 

Dozens of active volcanoes

No craters on surface

 

SATELLITE

OF JUPITER

Water underneath surface likely

 

SURFACE OF GANYMEDE

 

Largest moon in solar system

Has own magnetic field

 

SATELLITE

OF JUPITER

Most heavily cratered surface

 

SURFACE OF MIMAS

 

Giant impact crater name Herschel

Responsible for Cassini Division

 

SATELLITE

OF SATURN

Only satellite with thick atmosphere

May have methane lakes

SURFACE OF MIRANDA

 

Has heavily grooved surface including “chevrons”

 

SATELLITE

OF NEPTUNE

Revolves backwards

Ice geysers on surface